We are pleased to present the inaugural edition of Deloitte’s Technology Industry Accounting Guide (the “Guide”).
The technology industry ecosystem encompasses a wide array of entities, from enterprise software and software-as-a-service providers to hardware and semiconductor manufacturers. The technology industry has also experienced convergence with other types of businesses, creating subsectors such as fintech, health tech, energy tech, education tech, and auto tech, to name a few. Many entities have fueled the significant growth of the technology industry by embracing emerging technologies such as artificial intelligence and machine learning, everything as a service powered by the cloud, robotics, the Internet of Things, blockchain, and edge computing. Continuous innovation by technology entities produces novel business models while introducing potentially complex accounting and financial reporting matters.
Finance and accounting professionals in the technology industry face complex issues and must exercise significant judgment in applying existing rules to matters such as revenue recognition, software-related costs, acquisitions and divestitures, consolidation, stock-based compensation, leases, financial instruments, income taxes, digital assets, initial public offerings, and disclosures of non-GAAP measures and metrics. To help technology entities work through some of the more difficult accounting and financial reporting issues related to these and other relevant topics, this Guide includes interpretive guidance, illustrative examples, and discussion of recent standard-setting developments (through February 28, 2023).