EPS is one of the most prominent financial ratios analyzed by financial statement users. The objective of EPS is to measure the performance of an entity over a financial reporting period. EPS must be presented by entities that (1) have common stock that trades in a public market or (2) file with a regulatory agency for the sale of common stock in a public market. ASC 260 addresses the calculation, presentation, and disclosure of EPS.
Entities that present EPS must provide two metrics:
Because diluted EPS is calculated on the basis of basic EPS, these matters also affect the calculation of diluted EPS. However, certain considerations that apply to diluted EPS are not relevant to the calculation of basic EPS.