Example 2: Definition of Employee
55-89 This Example illustrates the evaluation as to whether an individual meets conditions to be considered an employee under the definition of that term used in this Topic.
55-90 This Topic defines employee as an individual over whom the grantor of a share-based compensation award exercises or has the right to exercise sufficient control to establish an employer-employee relationship based on common law as illustrated in case law and currently under U.S. Internal Revenue Service (IRS) Revenue Ruling 87-41. An example of whether that condition exists follows. Entity A issues options to members of its Advisory Board, which is separate and distinct from Entity A’s board of directors. Members of the Advisory Board are knowledgeable about Entity A’s industry and advise Entity A on matters such as policy development, strategic planning, and product development. The Advisory Board members are appointed for two-year terms and meet four times a year for one day, receiving a fixed number of options for services rendered at each meeting. Based on an evaluation of the relationship between Entity A and the Advisory Board members, Entity A concludes that the Advisory Board members do not meet the common law definition of employee. Accordingly, the awards to the Advisory Board members are accounted for as awards to nonemployees under the provisions of this Topic.
55-91 Nonemployee directors acting in their role as members of an entity’s board of directors shall be treated as employees if those directors were elected by the entity’s shareholders or appointed to a board position that will be filled by shareholder election when the existing term expires. However, that requirement applies only to awards granted to them for their services as directors. Awards granted to those individuals for other services shall be accounted for as awards to nonemployees in accordance with Section 505-50-25. Additionally, consolidated groups may have multiple boards of directors; this guidance applies only to either of the following:
- The nonemployee directors acting in their role as members of a parent entity’s board of directors
- Nonemployee members of a consolidated subsidiary’s board of directors to the extent that those members are elected by shareholders that are not controlled directly or indirectly by the parent or another member of the consolidated group.