The statement of cash flows should report the cash effects of operations, investing transactions, and financing transactions during a period. An entity can use the indirect method1 or the direct method2 to present the operating section of the statement of cash flows. ASC 230 contains examples illustrating the preparation of the statement of cash flows under both methods. ASC 230-10-45-25 encourages entities to use the direct method in presenting the operating section of the statement of cash flows and to report major classes of gross cash receipts and gross cash payments for operating cash flows. Further, entities are encouraged to use the direct method to include a detailed breakdown of operating cash receipts and payments to the extent that providing such detail is feasible and financial statement users find it helpful.
Under the indirect method, net cash provided or used by operating activities is determined by adding back or deducting from net income those items that do not affect cash (e.g., noncash transactions).
Under the direct method, major classes of gross cash receipts and payments and their arithmetic sum are reported to determine net cash provided or used by operating activities.